# JavaScript – Common Array operations

Below are a few common operations one might come across. I’ve used Array.map() and Array.forEach() at times which requires JavaScript 1.6 or higher, but I’m not sure if older versions of Internet Explorer would support them. You might have to use a regular for loop there or use a library like Dojo, etc.

To check if an element exists in a 2-D array – Needle in a Haystack

```
function findNeedle(num) {
var arr = [[2, 3, 5], [6, 8, 9], [14, 16, 19], [44, 66, 67]];
for (var i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
if (arr[i] > num) {
return (arr[i - 1] ? arr[i - 1].indexOf(num) > -1 : false);
}
}
}

console.log(findNeedle(8)); // this one is faster because it just looks at the first element of each array.

function findNeedle2(num) {
var arr = [[2, 3, 5], [6, 8, 9], [14, 16, 19], [44, 66, 67]];
var flattenedArr = arr.map(function(item) {
return item.join();
});

return flattenedArr.join().indexOf(num) > -1;
}

console.log(findNeedle2(3));  //this one constructs a big string out of the whole array and then does an indexOf on it.

```

To check if 2 arrays are equal:

```function checkIfEqual(arr1, arr2) {
if (arr1.length != arr2.length) {
return false;
}
//sort them first, then join them and just compare the strings
return arr1.sort().join() == arr2.sort().join();
}
var arr1 = [2, 3, 5, 6];
var arr2 = [5, 6, 2, 3];

checkIfEqual(arr1, arr2);

```

To convert an arguments object in a function to an Array, do this:

```function add() {
return [].slice.call(arguments); // note that Array.prototype.slice.call works as well, but [].slice is concise and cool
}

console.log(add(2,3,5));
```
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